Different Types of Gum Disease

CWD-EditorOral Health

Gingivitis (or gum disease) that remains untreated can progress into periodontitis and will eventually cause tooth loss and additional health problems which is why prevention is crucial.

Gingivitis is the most tempered kind of periodontal disease. It leads to the gums becoming swollen, red and bleeding easily. There’s typically little or no feelings of discomfort at this degree.

Gingivitis is normally caused by improper or less than adequate oral hygiene. With professional treatment like the assistance of Dr. G at Cottonwood Dental provides and suitable oral home care, gingivitis is reversible.

Contributing factors of gingivitis include smoking, aging, diabetes, genetic predispositions, systemic conditions and diseases, stress, inadequate nutrition, hormonal fluctuations, puberty, pregnancy, HIV infection, substance abuse and certain medication use.

Untreated gingivitis leads to the progression of periodontitis. Over time, plaque may grow and spread beneath the gum lining. Toxins generated by the bacteria within plaque irritate the gums.

The toxins arouse a chronic inflammatory defense where the body essentially attacks itself and the bones and tissues that maintain the teeth are destroyed and broken down. Gums part from the healthy teeth and create pockets (areas between the gums and teeth) that get infected.

With time as the gum disease progresses, the pockets get deeper and more bone and gum tissue is destroyed. Usually, this destructive cycle has very mild indications. Ultimately, previously healthy teeth can get loose and might need to be removed. Prevention is key.

Call Cottonwood Dental to schedule your next checkup!


About The Author

Dr. David Giaquinto, DDS

Dentist at Cottonwood Dental

Dentistry is a profession that requires many layers of knowledge and training. My background encompasses three post-grad degrees along with a command of aesthetics and precision. Both of those are necessary when creating the great results that we promise our patients. Being a graduate of the University of New Mexico and Marquette University School of Dentistry has provided me with a launching point for my practice at Cottonwood Dental. My ongoing research… [Read full bio]